Virtue and Moir’s “warmup” season

This was supposed to be only the warmup season for Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir after a two-year respite. The one where they chugged their engines back into order, cleaned out the cobwebs, overhauled their basic skating skills, and stubbed their toes a few times against the curbs of the sport.

But so far the winsome twosome has floated past all impediments, including two-time world champs Gabriel Papadakis and Guillaume Cizeron of France, who seemed to have set themselves on a higher plane from the rest by the end of last season.

Together 20 years, Virtue and Moir have come a long way


Now, Virtue and Moir are at the top of the leaderboard with the toughest competition of the season to come: the world championships in Helsinki next week. They have surprised themselves, remaining undefeated this season, while setting and resetting a couple of world-record scores (original dance 80.50 and combined score, 197.22.)

The French hold the world record for the free dance score of 118.17. Virtue and Moir have the second highest mark in history of 117.20, gained at the Four Continents last month, about a point shy of training mates Papadakis and Cizeron.

“It’s still not really the goal of the season,” Moir said of the records. “I think it’s not a big secret that we’ve come back with the Olympics in mind.” What surprised them is that they’ve enjoyed the day-to-day slog – training at a Montreal school that is sending seven teams to Helsinki.

They came back, they say, not after scouring the scene (they didn’t really) to see what the competition offered, but for more personal reasons, because “we wanted to skate and we had more to give,” Moir said. “We felt like we could be better.”

Really, Moir thought that he and his partner would feel all fresh and excited at the beginning of their return, but that the day-to-day grind would take the starch out of it. But the feeling of excitement has never really gone away, even in the darkest of days. “We’re still enjoying it every day,” he said. “Probably more than we ever have in our career.”

This crazy kind of joy makes Virtue and Moir dangerous, because over a season, they will spend far more time in practice rinks than in competitions. The Helsinki event will be Virtue and Moir’s eighth competition of the season. “I think this translates into a little bit of success,” Moir said of their happy daily toils. “At this point in our career, we can say our focus is to enjoy the moment, and go and have performances like we do at home and enjoy them. We’ve done all the work, and it’s hard not to be excited at this point of the year.”

“We have to show up hungry,” he said. “We have to show up to compete, but we’re really excited to do that.”

They are not thinking of results, but so far this year, the results have been icing on a cake. They’ve been successful out of the gate. They expect hardships to come. And who knows if Papadakis and Cizeron will show them a new side of hardship next week?

“We train with a very talented young French team,” Moir said. “We know they are bringing their best of the year next week and we’ll have to be much better than we’ve been all year in order to have a world title.”

The French won’t be the only folk in the rear view mirror. Virtue and Moir have marvelled at how deep in talent the field is now. “I think it has come a long way,” Virtue said. “Skaters are executing extremely clean turns and technical callers are also recognizing those and looking for different things.”

Key points are very exacting. They cannot miss one. Probably because of the depth of the field, in order to separate teams, the technical panels are looking for any small ripple or bobble. They’re getting very picky. At this event, there will be no room for hesitation or sloppy feet.

“Callers are looking for the absolute perfect turn on the ice,” Moir said. “In order to get that level four, you need to make sure you don’t come close to hitting the toe pick, and you have clean entry and exit edges on every turn. It has to be extremely clean.”

Virtue and Moir expect that they will skate in front of “one of the hardest panels that we’ve come across all year,” he said. But they accept that this is the system that is in place. They like it.

“I appreciate when they reward people for executing and unfortunately, the flip side of that is that if you make the mistake, you have to pay for it,” he said.

The judges and the technical panels have been judging this way the past couple of years, Moir said. “It’s like the judging has been pretty well spot on.

“We are looking for it to have another great clean world championship,” he said. “That would be good for ice dancing, to see the best people with the best turns and the whole package come out on top.”

Jason Brown: bouncing back

If Jason Brown ever found himself in the Hundred Acre Wood, he would be Tigger, hopping and bopping, swinging his arms around everybody with glee, smiling until tomorrow.

“Tiggers are wonderful things,” the song goes. “Their tops are made out of rubber. Their bottoms are made out of springs.”

The young American is irrepressibly positive, despite living in the shadow of the Giant Quad, of which he’s landed few. Three years ago, a video of him skating to “Riverdance” at the 2014 U.S. championships went viral, attracting something like four million viewers.  It wasn’t the jump content that captured hearts. It was the Jason Brown mystique: beautiful skating, with expression, with skating skills. The kind that lives in the memory.

See? We still remember his “Riverdance.”

Brown has always been playing catch-up with the difficult jumps. He was injury-free until the past two seasons, when he set out to make up the jump deficit. Still, he won’t blame his back injury from a year ago that caused him to miss the U.S. championships and thusly, the worlds, too, and a stress fracture in his right fibula, his landing foot last December.

This time, he didn’t dare miss U.S. nationals, since a petition to go to worlds last year didn’t pass muster. So he competed in January. And February. With watered-down content and certainly no quads in sight, he skated. And remarkably at nationals finished third to youngsters Nathan Chen and Vincent Zhou, and by the grace of god – Zhou went to junior worlds and won it instead with wicked quad content – made it to the world championships in Helsinki next week.

Brown won’t blame his injuries on the quad pursuit. Although it may be part of it, he thinks it’s just because male skaters at a certain age are going through a growth spurt, and that males are just figuring out their bodies and what the limits are.

“When you’re young,” said the 22-year-old youngster, “…and being young in the sport, you’re kind of a whippersnapper, able to do these things without even thinking about it. Your body is just quick and it fires fast and you’re short and as you grow up and mature, things start to change.”

Somehow the description of “whippersnapper” fits him. The word seems all Tiggerish. But he’s past it now, he says. His injuries have taught him how much he can push the limit and when he should pull back.

Before his stress fracture flared up, he said he had been landing quad Salchows and quad toes. And he’s going to press on in the future. Going to go for more quads in the future? he is asked.

“One hundred per cent!” Brown cries in that bouncy way of his. “One hundred per cent!”

He’d like to also work on a quad flip. He’s constantly working on quads, he says, although he said his task is to find the balance between pushing his technical limits, staying injury free and doing only what he can manage. No sense putting four quads in a program, if it only falls apart under the stress of competition.

But here’s the rub. He’s been injured. He was wearing a special boot for support on his right foot and took it off only a week and a half before he left for Four Continents, where he finished sixth without a quad. His leg still felt weak. He was still taping it up to compete. But he has his strength back now. The height of his jumps is better, he is hustling across the ice at greater speed.

The quad toe loop is going well, he says. Elements will return. He’s had five weeks since Four Continents (finished sixth without a quad) to get his quad toe loop back in formation. He intends to put a quad in the short and a quad in the long. Mind you, he’ll have to see how they go in practice.

“It’s all about putting together a program that you feel the most confident about and to put those clean skates out there,” he said. “The main goal is to do what I can do and do it in the most competent manner.”

So no, he’s no Nathan Chen on the quad question. But if Tigger bounces recklessly to and fro with exuberance, on the ice, Brown is exquisite. He skates on big curves, the way skating was born. He uses his feet. He has transitions. He does crazy things, like a hydroblading move low to the ice, which then explodes into a lofty split jump. He gets top component marks, as well he should. Brown may be five years older than Chen, but he’s a whippersnapper in other ways. Both of his routines this season are things of beauty.

“The technical side can only draw people in so far,” he said. “Riverdance” was special and what it represents is what he hopes he can bring to the sport.

He’ll work hard to improve his technical content because he has to. But he won’t ever lose the other side, “never losing what made me fall in love with the sport in the first place,” he said. “I love it because I can perform, because I can draw people in, because I can connect with an audience.”

He faces the same conundrum that Patrick Chan – he of the beautiful edges and scary speed – does.  “I don’t care what anybody says, but what I know for sure from my experience so far since my comeback, when it comes to adding more quads…the skating transitions, the skating skills do get sacrificed, 100 per cent,” Chan said. “I guarantee. Now does that make me shy away from pushing myself technically? No, not at all. I think I have to go in the direction that the sport is going in, which is dictated by the top men’s skaters. All I can do is follow the lead.

“All I know is all I can control is maybe being able to combine the difficulty of the quads with really great transitions and skating skills. And that may be my edge above the other men. That’s not for me to decide. All I can do is skate the way I’ve always skated and then add additional quads as I go along, to my capabilities.”

So Chan and young Tigger are treading the same path. And if Brown were ever to get lost in the Hundred Acre Wood, I think I would open the door of my shack to let this cat curl up around the hearth. Because skaters like Chan and Brown must be cherished somehow.




Patrick Chan’s new plan of attack

It’s as if Patrick Chan is sweating his way through a nightmare. Just as he is about to grasp the golden ring, it slips out of his reach. He’s running as fast as he can but it feels like slow motion, as his opponents pull away. We know how it feels, when the bottom suddenly falls out of a dream.

He says that feeling was most true last season, when he made his comeback after a couple of years of doing shows and was taken aback by the new crazy quad world. He had thought that Olympic champion Yuzuru Hanyu had been hitting the limits of men’s skaters at the Sochi Games. How wrong he was. Hanyu, with his little hips, and inherent ability to rotate like a top, was only starting to push it. And he pushed it more while Chan was gone.

Now Chan feels as if he’s catching up, sort of. He’s had to. He originally never dreamed that he would be including a quad Salchow in a program, but the headlong race to the quad in the men’s event has driven Chan to a new level. However, even with the extra quad, he’s going to have to skate clean short and long programs to make a dent on his competitors,  because he still falls short of the technical arsenal of the others. Although Chan has the best skating skills in the world, it’s the quads that plop the biggest points into the basket.

So at Four Continents last month, Chan found himself watching the top three skaters of the long program while sitting in the green room – that place where the ISU puts them so television cameras can record them squirming – and it changed his strategy for the world championships in Helsinki, Finland next week.

“It was mind-blowing, what these guys were doing, technically,” he said.

It was also interesting for him, just to watch them skate. He never had. He’d always been in the lineup, perhaps after some of the top three. He had never watched their programs from beginning to end, all three of them: Hanyu, Nathan Chen, Shoma Uno.

“It was great to see,” he said. But what he saw was that he was “at a great disadvantage technically.”

Winner Nathan Chen – with whom Chan trained briefly at the beginning of the season – squashed his opposition with five quads and a stunning final score of 307.46, almost 40 points more than Chan. Hanyu had stumbled in the short program but felt a moment of triumph after his long and a frothy mark of 303.71. But he skated before Chen and the wind went out of his sales when he saw the unassuming, matter-of-fact American kid lay it down. He doesn’t like to lose. At all. Current Japanese champion Shoma Uno fell twice and dropped to third with 288.05, still about 20 points more than Chan.

“It was eye-opening,” said Chan, who fell on two of his three quads in the long. Chan finished fourth in the free, fourth overall. On the outside, looking in. Believe it or not, Chan is the reigning Olympic silver medalist from 2014. Hanyu had skated badly, leaving the door wide open. Chan had skated worse.

Yes, Chan felt frustrated about this most recent test. The results made him want to hold a meeting with his coaches, immediately, on the spot, to figure out how to combat what happened. Eventually they did meet, and the week after Four Continents, Chan flipped around some of the elements in his long program, and changed up some combination passes to improve his chances for next week.

Chan keeps his opening tour-de-force, the quadruple toe loop – triple toe loop, that he enters with the speed and drama of a freight train. The quadruple Salchow becomes the second jump now instead of the third. This, his newest jump, which has evaded him this season in many competitions (as it did at Four Continents) switches places with the triple Axel.

The triple Axel, now third in the parade, gets a facelift because it will become a jump series: a triple Axel – loop – triple Salchow. It had been a jump combination with a triple toe loop in the second half of the program.

Now, Chan will turn a lonely triple Lutz late in the routine into a triple Lutz – double toe loop  combination (now his second-last jump), great for second-half points. There will be a sole triple Axel and a quad toe loop in the second half, too. Finally, there will be a triple flip and a tripe loop.

“We gave it [the quad Salchow] as many chances as we could to see how consistent the layout was,” Chan said. “But it didn’t’ seem consistent enough. We thought it was logical to try a different order.”

“And I decided that I’ve lost out on quite a few points just on not having completed enough combinations,” he said. “I didn’t fill my combination bracket.”

The new arrangement will give Chan slightly higher point totals, but that wasn’t really the full intent of the change. “It was more just to allow myself a new approach and maybe the possibility of having the jumps become more successful” in the heat of competition, he said.

Couldn’t he really be doing something else with his time, instead of chasing something that younger skaters are increasingly capable of? He’s a bright guy. He doesn’t need this craziness.

“We are at a point now where it’s crazy,” he said. But he admits, it’s true. It’s hitting the nail on the head to say he could be opening up a rink in Vancouver to teach skaters or to become part of the finance world, or to do anything. Chan said he’s had many more options for his future opening up to him in the months leading up to the Pyeongchang Olympics than he did before Sochi.

But hope springs eternal. The battle doesn’t halt Chan. It spurs him on. His new sports psychologist has set things in perspective. “It does get to a point where it’s frustrating, where I’m running as fast as I can, but they are just creeping away from me,” he said. “It doesn’t help seeing other people have success. Or to be in the spot that I used to be in.”

So Chan has had to separate the raw emotions of the moment, from the logical thought of tackling the fight at hand. He can’t worry about those other guys. He got his plan of attack for the world championships.

He’s miles ahead of where he was at his first world championship back – at Boston a year ago. He has more confidence and a tougher list of elements. “Last year, I think there was always a lingering doubt that I was behind the eight ball, compared to the other guys,” he said. Coach Marina Zoueva said last year her most important task was to instill confidence in him.

It’s all been worth it, he says. He’s surprised himself at what he has been able to do. Where this will all take him, we shall see next week. Next year? Perhaps two quads in the short program. He can always dream (or plan), can’t he?

Finland: A homecoming for some

Finland has given us the word “sauna.”

It is about the only word in the difficult Finnish language (given level three of difficulty by a language institute in California) that translates to English very happily and is most welcome in our vocabulary. “Tundra” might be the other, but that word leaves you feeling rather bleak. Let’s not think of tundra. Let’s think of sauna, instead. We love sauna. Tundra – conjuring up images of moaning, cold winds and barnacles of frozen turf – not so much.

Especially today, the first day of spring.

And then there is Meagan Duhamel.

Finland has, rather indirectly, given us Duhamel, too. Her grandmother (on her mother’s side), Raili Koski, was born 84 years ago in the small western Finnish city of Kauhava, about 400 kilometres northwest of Helsinki. She and her husband emigrated to Northern Ontario during the 1950s, looking for more economic certainty. They weren’t the first Finns to do the same by any means. Populations of folk from Kauhava began drifting into these mining communities in Canada even before the turn of the last century, building their own little society in the midst of others.

Meagan Duhamel: starting on a path from Lively, Ont.


Duhamel’s grandparents and a son were born in Finland. Duhamel’s mother was born in Ontario after the grandparents moved to Canada. But Duhamel has been raised in Finnish traditions in her little town of Lively, about a 20-minute drive from Sudbury. She’s proud of it. In fact, the announcement that the 2017 world championships were to take place in Helsinki sorted out the path of her pair career.

“After Sochi, Eric and I weren’t sure how long we would continue skating, and it was announced that we were going to Finland for 2017, I immediately thought: ‘We have to keep going until then. I have to continue to worlds in Helsinki,’” Duhamel said.

And of course, with these world championships only one year away from the Pyeongchang Olympics, why not take them in, too?

It’s been a worthwhile decision. Since the Helsinki world championship has been dangled in front of their noses, Duhamel and Radford have won two world titles. Thank you, Helsinki.

“It’s extremely special,” said Duhamel, one week before the first practice in Helsinki. “I have a lot of family there.”

In fact, her grandmother is returning for the first time in almost 20 years. She hasn’t seen her brothers and sisters in all this time. And it is very special. And it could be daunting for an 84-year-old. But the Finns are made of tough stuff. They have “sisu.”

“It’s in my blood,” Duhamel said. “I’m a Finlander. It’s almost like I get to skate at home. And I get to have a lot of my family come to watch the competition. Some of them I’ve met. Some of them I haven’t. They are all going to share this experience with me.”

There will be a lot of Koskis and derivatives thereof attending the world championships. There will be aunts and uncles sitting in the Hartwell Arena in Helsinki next week. Most of them are coming only for the long program, because they had a hard time getting tickets, and also – those tickets are expensive. (Former Canadian skating development guru David Dore used to say: ‘Make the tickets reasonably priced, to get the spectators in the door, then give them many reasons to part with their money with trinkets and souvenirs and t-shirts and just about anything.’ That’s what made the 1996 and 2001 world championships so financially lucrative: he filled enormous 17,000-seat rinks both times.)

But we digress. Duhamel’s grandmother and parents will stay a little longer after the world championships have finished to visit Kauhava, and to visit the farm where Raili grew up. She’ll see the rest of the family that could not come. Finns had to take surnames in 1879, so it was easy to add a name like Koski, which means “rapids” in the language – a no-brainer of a choice if you lived near a river. A river runs through Kauhava.

And what’s to see in Kauhava, aside from family? Kauhava, population just shy of 17,000 (of the folk who didn’t emigrate to Canada) is known as the city of knives. The Kauhavians were knife makers from centuries ago. At one time, Kauhava sported five knife-making enterprises, although now it’s down to one that has been around since 1879. There is a Kauhava International Knife Festival where people participate in knife throwing and other exciting knife activities. There is even a museum of knives in the city.

In Kauhava, there is an art gallery, three hotels, a church and a theme park, where people can even ride carts in the winter, although for obvious reasons, it much more popular in the summer. (It’s the tundra thing.)

Meanwhile, Duhamel quietly whips up her own version of a Finnish braided bread called pulla, (with cardamom, yum) that of course is vegan. Visit her Lutz of Greens site to get the recipe.

Pair sit spin last season


But before they get to Helsinki, Duhamel and Radford have had to take stock of a season that surprised and didn’t delight them, finishing third at the Grand Prix Final and second at Four Continents last month. “We kind of went back to square one after Four Continents, reassessing what has gone on this season, why we are underperforming, why we are not succeeding in competition the way we are training” Duhamel said.

After all, they had been training amazingly well before both events. So they’ve made a lot of changes to their programs for next week.

Radford says the changes work to free up the program, which also helps them be more confident with their technical elements.

They have changed no elements, but they changed the entrances to both of their side-by-side jumps. They completely changed the entrance to their throw quad Salchow. They are trying to execute their jumps more closely together, with better unison. In short, everything that adds to the GOE, which can make the difference between winning and not.

Duhamel said the entrance to their quad has more ease. “We used to telegraph it,” she said. “It used to be slow and careful. Now we’re trying to eliminate that a little bit. In turn, doing these things has really elevated the elements and they feel better than ever.”

They completely changed the footwork in their short program.

“I feel like [we’re doing] the technical elements the best technically and with the most ease all season,” Radford said. “When we skate both our programs now, I personally feel a lot more relaxed and seamless. “

Duhamel and Radford feel they are coming into the world championships rather under the radar, because there are teams that have put up higher scores. But they haven’t performed to the max, yet.

Applying sisu.


The ultimate goal, Duhamel said, is to gain personal bests in both programs and let the results fall where they may. “If we do that, we can win a third world title,” she said.

There is that other Finnish word that applies so very well to Duhamel and Radford’s journey this year. It’s “sisu,” a Finnish state of mind that features strong character and grim forbearance. Well, yes it’s been grim some days, but the answer is in the language. And if all else fails, hit the sauna.




Duhamel’s act of compassion

For a time, Mootae, a short-legged little dog with a mix of Dachshund blood and a pair of curious eyes, padded about a modest little temple in South Korea, following every step of his saviour, a Buddhist nun to her meditation, and her prayers.

Now Mootae has a new saviour: two-time world pair champion Meagan Duhamel, who brought him home with her last month after competing at the Four Continents championships, the Olympic test event in Pyeongchang, South Korea. Now Mootae shadows Duhamel everywhere she goes, at her Montreal condo.

Duhamel and Mootae. All photos courtesy of Duhamel


Mootae has come a long way to be safe. He was destined to die a horrible death and to be somebody’s dinner in South Korea, which, according to the Humane Society International, currently houses about 17,000 dog meat farms. Although dog meat is also consumed in other Asian countries, South Korea is said to be the only one with established dog meat farms.

The approach of the 2018 Olympics – less than a year away – has rekindled the debate on eating dog meat again in the Asian nation. It became an issue during the 1988 OIympics in Seoul, when surveys showed that 25 per cent of Koreans ate dog meat. Since then, attitudes have changed, with opinion polls suggesting that dog meat consumption is relatively low now, with 27 per cent of people having eaten dog meat within the last 12 months and of that 27 per cent, most (86 per cent) have eaten it only once or twice. “It’s clear that only a few Koreans eat dog meat on a regular basis,” said Humane Society International spokesman Raul Arce-Contreras.

However, he says dogs are still being raised for meat in terrible conditions and killed in inhumane ways. Killing methods are typically electrocution, but beating and hanging also take place.

“Over all the years I’ve travelled to Asia, I’ve often heard when we’re in China or Korea, that they eat dog meat,” Duhamel said. “I know that in China there is a huge dog meat festival every summer. I never put much thought into it, other than thinking this was disgusting and terrible. But unless people raise their voices and do something, nothing is going to change. And the dogs can’t speak for themselves.”

Mootae, a cherished life.


North Korean leader Kin Il Sung ate dog meat twice a day, with CIA files showing he demanded dog because he thought it would keep him virile. Multiple Olympic gold medalist archer Ki Bo Bae started eating dog meat when she was in highs school, according to a post by her father, who attributed her success to the practice.

In 2003 Korean professional baseball player Dae-ho Lee refused to eat the dog soup that all of his teammates ate. The team coach believed dog meat gave the team its stamina and strength.

However, the practice has grown increasingly out of favour among South Korea’s younger generation. Many are unaware of the extent of the suffering experienced by dogs. The Olympic archer’s revelation  about eating dog meat resulted in a mixed reaction, but a social media backlash.

Park says she does not advocate aggressively wagging a finger at dog farm owners for their practices. Rather, she stresses education and pointing them toward other agricultural opportunities.

The issue isn’t restricted to South Korea. An estimated 30 million dogs are brutally killed each year primarily in Asia: China, Vietnam, Indonesia, Laos and others.

In January, the Humane Society International succeeded in rescuing 200 dogs from a dog meat farm in Wonju – their sixth dog meat farm closure in South Korea. Overall the society has rescued 770 dogs since January 2015 as part of a campaign to end the farms across Asia. It is pressing Gongwon province – in which Pyeongchang is located – to phase out the dog meat trade before the Olympic Games start.

EK Park, whose rescue organization Free Korean Dogs has saved 250 dogs over the past 1 ½ years, says 25 per cent of Koreans also own dogs as companion animals. She has friends who go to a restaurant that serves dog meat a couple of times a month. “So in their mind, there are two different kinds of dogs,” Park said. “That’s where we are trying to bring change. There is no such things as dogs you can eat. They are great companions, probably the best creatures on the earth. So they deserve better.”

Mootae’s soulful eyes.


Working on a documentary about the issue, Park said she has been told by some dog farm owners that their children and grandchildren would no longer wished to visit. Often a son or daughter leads the farmer to give it up. Some dog farms have been in families for generations.

Park, born and raised in South Korean, came to Toronto about 14 years ago, and now operates a media company with her husband. Two years ago, she returned home to visit her parents, and saw four men trying to hang a dog on a bridge in front of her parent’s house. She knew about the practice of eating dog meat, but after being away for years, she had forgotten about it. Te sight horrified her and brought her to tears. She knew she must do something.

Park’s organization linked Duhamel with Mootae. Duhamel heard about Free Korean Dogs from Humane Society International, and phoned the Toronto organization up the month before she was to compete at the Olympic test event in Pyeongchang. Initially, Duhamel donated $200 to the group. Then, when she realized that Free Korean Dogs always needed volunteers who would fly with the dogs leaving Korea, she volunteered to bring back one for Korea for somebody to adopt.

A week later, she thought: “Why would I just hope somebody adopts them? Why wouldn’t I just take him?”

Mootae, with more toys than he has ever known.

Duhamel and her husband Bruno Marcotte already own a rescued dog, a beagle called Theo, saved from North American animal testing labs, which favour the breed because of their docile nature and eagerness to please. When they got Theo, he was seven months old and had never lived in a house. They had to train him completely. “That was quite the process because he was very stubborn,” Duhamel said. “But he’s turned into an amazing dog. He is so loving. He’s very active, but he’s also very lazy. He doesn’t want to wake up in the morning. Sometimes I have to drag him out of bed for his morning walk. He covers his eyes and moans and groans.”

Because Theo is a sizable pooch in a small condo, Duhamel did not want to choose a large dog from Korea. The Free Korean Dogs website showed three small dogs, with profiles, one of them showing Mootae at a Buddhist temple. “I thought maybe this dog had some beautiful spiritual energy,” Duhamel said. “I would love to bring that to my life and home. That’s what really drew me.”

She thought perhaps his name, Mootae, also signified something spiritual and zen. Park had to tell her that Mootae simply meant: “Not Big.”

Park engineered the adoption, driving eight hours from Seoul to pick up the dog, then delivering him to Duhamel in Pyeongchang. She stayed with the nun, saw the 60 dogs she was harbouring and the size of the temple and laughed: “No room for Buddhas!”

If Mootae is a spiritual dog, he clearly speaks with his eyes. “He’s an extremely calm and confident dog,” Duhamel said. She brought him back to Canada with another dog, a female poodle named Sara for an adopter in Toronto. Sara was all nerves. Mootae was her rock. He took care of her.

After Mootae took up residence with her in Montreal, Duhamel discovered he was extremely playful. He’s already annoyed her cat, Zara. “She’s not too sure of him,” Duhamel said. “He’ll chase her and want to play. He’s learning his boundaries of who he can play with and who he can’t. “

He’s also annoyed lazy Theo, who is not that playful. Now Theo has adjusted and plays, and even lets Mootae lay on top of him. Mootae has come to love Theo. Mootae watches him all the time.

Best friends, Mootae and Theo


Mootae has also had to adjust to English commands, rather than Korean. And he’s had to adjust to cold weather. It’s been a challenge for him, trotting over the ice and snow.  He tries hard to learn. His eyes are always bright and alert. He has soulful eyes.

Duhamel has long been saddled with regret that she did not adopt one of the stray dogs of Sochi. Several U.S. athletes brought home the dogs that were being slaughtered. “They were all over,” Duhamel said. “Some would be in the athlete’s village where we lived and I would try to give them food and water. But they were always so scared. And then we were being warned to stay away from them because they didn’t know what diseases they had. But how can you stay away from these stray dogs that just look so lost and troubled in their eyes?”

When she heard of the American athletes who adopted the dogs – snowboarder Lindsay Jacobellis was one of them – and took them back to the United States, Duhamel thought she had missed a chance. “That would have been so amazing if I could have helped to do something like that,” she said. “So now this is my second chance to help these dogs.”

Duhamel may bring back another dog after the Olympics next year. And it may not stop there. Duhamel, who is a vegan, knows that cattle and pigs – even in western society – suffer. “I don’t want any animals to be harmed. I don’t want our farms to slaughter any animals,” she said.

“If I could, I would rescue pigs and cows from these places as well. “

And because they probably all won’t fit in her condo, Duhamel realizes she may need to have a farm. She would like to create an animal sanctuary some day.

The quad fest at Four Continents

Is Nathan Chen for real? Has he been bundled onto earth somehow by a shiny space ship bearing gifts? Is he the lottery ticket somebody lost, then pulled triumphantly out of a drawer?  Is this all a fairy tale?

Injured after last year’s U.S. nationals, Chen was competing at only his second major international event (Grand Prix Final last December, when he took the silver medal behind Hanyu, was his first), at the Four Continents championships, the Olympic test event in Korea this past week. He’s only 17. A little more than a year ago, Chen competed on the Junior Grand Prix circuit. He won the Junior Grand Prix Final, a little spark of greatness.

Yet he’s seized the pre-Olympic buzz by the throat. And after winning on the weekend in an epic battle with defending Olympic champion Yuzuru Hanyu, he’ll have the best of memories to take back with him to Pyeongchang a year from now. The rest are all now racing to catch up. And believe me, they will be racing.

The Four Continents promised to be the quad contest beyond all quad contests, with Boyang Jin of China and the American Chen offering up five quads – and Hanyu for the first time trying five – while Shoma Uno of Japan and Kevin Reynolds of Canada attempted four. None were perfect. The risk is beyond the pale.

Just how did Chen and his quiet confidence win his gold medal?

He didn’t actually win the long program. Hanyu did. But Chen put distance between them by winning the short program, while Hanyu doubled a quad Salchow and landed third, 6.08 points behind. It’s a classic case of how important the short program can be. You can’t load it up with everything you can do, but if you miss something, you’re at a disadvantage.

While Hanyu defeated Chen by 2.33 points in the free, it wasn’t enough for gold. Chen still had enough space left to win by 3.75 points.

Hanyu defeated Chen in the free on the strength of his component mark, because Chen actually won the technical mark: 115.48 to Hanyu’s 112.33.

Hanyu won the component mark with 94.34 points, while Patrick Chan was second in this category with 92.58, Uno third with 91.08 and Chen fourth with 88.86, just ahead of the divine Jason Brown at 85.72. Alas, Brown, injured earlier this season, had to dump an uncertain quad from his repertoire. Still, with excellent skating, Brown finished sixth in the free and sixth overall.

Chen also had to face having to skate last, waiting 40 minutes after the warmup to go out onto the ice – and when he did go, the crowd rained down numerous sorts of Pooh things in celebration of a skate Hanyu would have deemed gold worthy on any other day. Still, Chen shrugged it off. Took it like a pro.

“Skating after Yuzu is obviously kind of exciting, so it’s great to be able to skate after that,” he said. “With the whole Winnie the Pooh situation, it’s something that I can’t change. But it was something that I was expecting. I just waited until everything was cleared, got on the ice and did everything I needed to do. I had plenty of time to do what I needed to do, so it wasn’t too much of a struggle for me.” He doesn’t seem to sweat the small stuff. Others can turn that into big stuff.

Let’s compare quad to quad, because who doesn’t want to do that in such a contest?

Of Hanyu’s five quads, he landed the quad loop, (a money maker, earning him 2.14 bonus points for 14.14 points), a quad Salchow (11.93 with bonus), he doubled a quad Salchow in combination with a single loop (ouch, only 1.92 points), a quad toe (13.19)  and finally late in the game, a quad toe –double toe (for 13.90 points, and he didn’t maximize his GOE, with a lot of +1s.)

In fact, Hanyu didn’t earn as many high GOE points as usual, and there were no marks at all of 10.00 for components.

The triple Axel is one of his best jumps and he racked up 16.51 points for a triple-triple combo, and a solo triple Axel worth 11.78. We’ve seen him do a triple Axel – loop – triple Salchow in the past – a real point getter – but it wasn’t in this routine, obviously dropped for the fifth quad.

All in all, Hanyu earned 55.08 points for his quad attempts.

Chen opened up with an astonishingly brilliant and difficult quad Lutz – triple toe loop, which earned him a whopping 20.33 points, followed it up with a very nice quad flip (14.73 points), a common old quad toe loop (9.79, because he turned out of it), a quad toe loop – double toe loop (12.03, with the quad landed a little forward) and a quad Salchow (12.84).

Chen landed more quads than triples. (So did Hanyu). But two of Chen’s four triples were Axels, one in combination with a couple of double toe loops. He turned after both triple Axels. Yes, there were bobbles throughout the routine. He managed huge GOEs only after his opening quad combination, his quad flip and his straightline footwork, which was level four.

His quad pointage: 69.72.

Hanyu did five jumps after the half-way mark and three of them were to be quads. This is an onslaught of point-maximizing, if it all works out. Chen did four, with only one a quad. (Let’s give him a break: he’s only 17 and relatively new at this!)

As for Shoma Uno, the bronze medalist, who is actually the Japanese champion because Hanyu missed the event because of flu (extra point to be made, Hanyu hadn’t competed in two months.) also did five jumps in the second half, two of them quads.

He opened up with his new jump, a triple loop (lots of bonus marks for this one at 14.43), a quad flip (14.59), a quad toe loop, which he turned out of, not allowing him to do a double toe at the end (10.79) and a quad toe – double toe loop, because he bravely turned a solo jump into a combo (for 14.05). He fell on both of his triple Axel combinations, losing huge points. And both of them had been in the second half.

Uno’s quad count?  53.86 points.

Boyang Jin? He’s the one that started the quad rush, having unleashed four at the Grand Prix Final and at the world championships last year. But rarely does he get GOEs higher than +1 for anything he does.

The free program in Pyengchang was riddled with problems. Jin landed only one of his five quads cleanly. His opening quad Lutz – triple toe loop was okay, but the Lutz was landed with a break in the waist (18.33); he stepped out of a quad Salchow (8.96); he underrotated and fell on a quad loop (4.40); he fell on a quad toe loop (7.33); and he landed a quad toe loop – double toe loop, but had a hand down on the quad. (11.56). All in all, the big risks he took got him a quad count of only 50.58. If he made mistakes, they were on his quads. Still, he has the third highest technical points, over Uno.

The base value of Jin’s jumps was a whopping 106.18, just shy of Nathan Chen, but he couldn’t maximize them. Jin’s component score was 77.44, well behind that of Hanyu. Jin ended up fifth in the free, and sixth overall, just nipped by Patrick Chan by .47 points.

Chan, fourth with a free skate score of 179.52, well below his best, and a final score of 267.98, attempted three quads but fell on two: his new quad Salchow and the quad toe loop. He did land his opening quad toe loop – triple toe loop to a huge roar from the crowd. It earned him a lofty 17.17 points. His triple Axel that followed – a jump that used to be his nemesis – flew, getting five +3s for 11.07. He underroated the quad Salchow, and got chump change for his two flawed quads. He also stepped out of a triple Lutz, meant to be a big combo. Thinking on his feet, he tacked the end part of that combo onto a triple flip that followed.

He says he needs more snap off the ice into his jumps, and he’ll work on it.

Kevin Reynolds attempted four quads, but tripled the first one, a quad Salchow; underrotated and fell on the quad toe, did land a quad Salchow, but it was underrotated, and he also underrotated the second quad toe. He was assessed one fall. But the miscues (four underrotations) riddled his technical mark. He was 12th in the free and 12th overall.

Reynolds said it was tough mentally to overcome his rough opening, and then with each mistake, he got bogged down further. “You lose your energy and your focus,” he said. He’ll regroup for the world championships on his routine that is “a minefield of technical difficulty that we have to do in the free program now.”

His teammate, Nam Nguyen, who finished behind him at the Canadian championship, ended up eighth overall, with three quads planned. He landed the first one, a quad toe loop, but undrerotated and fell on a quad Salchow. He did land an ambitious quad Salchow – double toe loop – double loop in the second half, good for 15.25 points. Nguyen had the fifth highest technical points (92.57) of the free skate, with much lower component marks (72.52). He was seventh in the free skate, with season’s bests in the free and the total score.

“It’s been a while to see that SB next to my score,” he said, after a season in which he changed coaches twice. “It’s special to me, although it’s not very high compared to the other skaters.” He won’t be going to the world championships, but said he’s been working on a quad flip and “it’s getting there.”

Chen hadn’t intended to do five quads in the free at all this year. He’d done it at U.S. nationals because things had been going so well during the skate. And so he kept it up for Four Continents. “The amount of quads I put into a program in a particular season is relative to how my body is adapting to training, how it’s adapting to competition and what the other skaters are doing,” he said. He said Hanyu pushed him, not only with jumps, but with artistry, too.

“He really kind of started that huge quad craze when we were younger,” he said. “We were all struggling to get our triples and do triple-triples and he was out there doing four quads in a long. I think that really motivated all of us junior skaters to start working on these quads and putting them into the programs. It’s really showing up now that we are senior skaters.”

In other words, Hanyu has started something that will come back to haunt him, much like Patrick Chan did, after starting the trend back to quads following the 2010 Olympics, won without a quad. Now he’s chasing younger skaters, too.

At podium time, Hanyu admitted he felt envious of Chen. But with what the American had accomplished, Hanyu said: “I felt like I want to congratulate him from the bottom of my heart.”

Despite all the accolades he’s earned, this is Hanyu’s third silver medal at Four Continents.

“It’s hard to predict what is going to happen between now and the Olympics,” Hanyu said. “You never know who is going to do another quad.” As we have seen during the past year, things can change quickly. New faces could bound right up the ladder.

And it’s not stopping. Over the weekend, and overshadowed by the Four Continents, was the Bavarian Open in Germany. Canada’s little gem, Stephen Gogolev won an advanced novice competition by landing the second quad Salchow of his life. And he’s 12 years old.

And just for fun, Jason Brown:

Four Continents Day One

The highlight of day one at Four Continents, the test event for the 2018 Olympics in Pyeongchang?

At least among the Canadians, it was Gabby Daleman, a 19-year-old with the mental strength to clobber an apparition, a negative thought, a potential bad day at the office. With all the will she could muster, she landed a triple Lutz. Just refused to let it go. Wouldn’t fail. The fumble on the jump ended up costing her very little and was just enough to put herself into the lead in the short program with 68.25 points, only .04 points ahead of Canadian champion Kaetlyn Osmond. Her attitude popped her on top.

Osmond delivered all the big tricks, but fell on a double Axel. Elizabet Tursynbaeva, of Kazakhstan, just turned 17, but who looks 12 on a good day, is third after ripping off all the big tricks, including a triple Lutz-triple toe loop, but just not maximizing her GOE. Mia Mihara of Japan landed the same combo but was more efficient with the GOE and ended up getting 11.70 for it, .70 more than the Teensy One. Good enough for fourth. The top four skaters are separated by only 1.74 points. In this game, every zillionth of a point matters.

Daleman’s coach, Lee Barkell, smiled broadly when the marks came up, showing the placing of his student. Daleman allowed herself only a moment of glee. The job is far from over.

Daleman admitted that her short program was “a bit of a fight.” Yet she fought, even though she felt herself slipping before her magnificent triple toe loop – triple toe loop combination and again, going into her flying camel. Although her combo is deemed less difficult than the others at the top, Daleman goes into it like a freight train. It’s a thing of beauty. She received +3s from five of the nine judges and that gave her 10.30 for that element. Osmond’s triple flip – triple toe loop netted her 11.00 points, while Tursynbaeva got only half a point more, and Mihara 1.10 more.

“I’m just thrilled that I fought for everything,” Daleman said, and well she should be. “It’s just an amazing feeling. I felt so comfortable and I got into my knees.” She said it helped that Osmond skated before her. It gave her the semblance of skating at home, in front of Canadians. It kept her calm. She was patient. That was key.

About 2 ½ years ago, Daleman (and other members of the Canadian team) came to a plot of land that was to become the 2018 Olympic figure skating arena and saw only a pile of dirt. Now it has been transformed into a modern arena seating 12,000 people. The chills are not lost on her, but she sees Four Continents as merely a stepping stone to the world championships in another month and a half.

Osmond said there were lots of things she could have done to be more stable on her feet. The short program had been clean all season. She’s not 100 per cent sure about what happened on the Axel. “It was just a little fluke thing,” she said. “I don’t remember the last Axel that I missed. It is just a little mistake that I will fix.”

Most of the rest of the women struggled through the short program and underperformed. Mirai Nagasu, the 2016 Four Continents silver medalist, underrotated and two-footed a triple loop to be fifth; Mariah Bell, who stunned everybody by coming from the shadows to win silver at Skate America last October, was seventh after stepping out and landing in a crouch from a triple flip , and doing only a double toe loop after her triple Lutz, is seventh; the usually consistent Rika Hongo of Japan – winner of the 2014 Rostelecom Cup – is ninth after messing up her combo (double flip – underrotated triple toe loop) although she did maximize all levels on her elements; promising 16-year-old Wakaba Higuchi of Japan fell on her combo and is tenth; reigning U.S. champion Karen Chen fell on an underrotated triple loop, two-footed a double toe loop at the end of her combo and sits 12th ; and Canadian bronze medalist Alaine Chartrand who unravelled in the rink of dreams after missing her combo and falling on a triple loop. She’s 14th. It wasn’t a good day for most.

All of these women need to step it up when they meet a blast of Russians at the world championships and Olympics, such as Evgenia Medvedeva, who set the world record of 79.21 for a short program at the Grand Prix Final last December. Medvedeva chalks up points like an expert pinball player by upping her GOE with a flying hand on most of her jumps. Not pleasing to watch that repetitive motion, but in this game, it works. The rules made by the International Skating Union produces results like this.

Ice dance

If there was another highlight to the day, it was by 2010 Olympic ice dancing champions Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir, who clearly attacked and sold Prince in their short dance. They danced on the edge, so much so that they made an error in the partial footwork, which earned them only a level three. “There’s parts today where I felt like swimming upstream, but we kind of bring it back together and don’t let it get to us,” Moir said. “Obviously our strategy is not to let them happen, not make any mistakes, even, but it’s not realistic.”

Even so they finished with79.75, which is only .75 short of their world record, and they are 3.16 points ahead of second-placed Maia and Alex Shibutani with 76.59. Chock and Bates were third with 74.67, behind the Shibutanis in both technical and component content.

While Virtue and Moir received four marks of 10 in components (by two different judges), the Shibs got two of them from the same judge.

Former world silver medalists Kaitlyn Weaver and Andrew Poje are fifth with 71.15, short of their best, after he hesitated on the second of three twizzles. And they lost levels on all of their elements but their straight line lift.

Canadian bronze medalists Piper Gilles and Paul Poirier, relentlessly pushing to make that top group, dropped to seventh after Gilles fell during their not-touching midline step sequence. They also got a level two for their partial step sequence. Truth be told, nobody got a level four on this element.

Poirier said they have had a hard time all season pacing the disco rhythm in the second half of their routine and it leads to “a lot of uncharacteristic mistakes.” They get excited during the crazy disco. Perhaps it’s the beat, the moustache that Poirier so painstakenly grows, those rust-coloured bell-bottomed pants, the woolly hair. It gets away from them. It could do the same for anyone.

Gilles said she felt great going into the midline sequence, but caught a heel and went down. “It was a mistake I don’t think I’ve even made in practice,” she said. “You get excited and you do things that aren’t normal. We lost a lot of levels today.”

Virtue and Moir went to Pyeongchang like kids in a candy store, hoping to relive their 2010 Olympic victory a year from now. They arrived a day early and practiced in the practice rink on Monday. Then they ran upstairs to drink in the scene. “We were really the only ones here and we were like children,” Virtue said. “We were so giddy with excitement. It is everything you wish for an Olympic venue. Everything you dream about, this rink has it: something really special and tangible. It’s huge but it still feels so intimate.

“It makes such a difference going home and being able to visualize our Olympic moments, hopefully, know that we skated here and that we really can take it in, picture the behind-the-scenes and everything. It’s just been magical.” (The Europeans don’t get this opportunity.)


It wasn’t all so magical for two-time world pair champions Meagan Duhamel and Eric Radford. Duhamel arrived after the very long trip to Korea without her skates, although she received them in time to get a practice in. But Radford fell uncharacteristically on a triple Lutz in the pair short program. That set them back to third place behind a Chinese team competing internationally for the first time this season.

Wenjing Sui and Cong Han, current world silver medalists, hadn’t competed this season at all as Sui took months off after surgery to correct an ankle problem. Despite their absence, they were brilliant in Pyeongchang, skating to “Blues for Klook,” a distinct departure from anything they had ever done. “We enjoyed being back and feeling the vibe of the competition,” said Sui, who also admitted to nerves.

“I think we could have skated better than we did,” she said.

Better? They finished with 80.05 points, their best score ever, higher than Duhamel and Radford’s best score (78.39). They maximized all of their levels, except for the flying camel combo spin. During their entire routine, they had only three GOE bonus points lower than +2. Their element score of 44.83 points easily exceeded their component score of 35.92. If they can improve off this, they will be deadly. In fact, they already are.

“There is a lot we still can improve,” Han said.

Sui admitted that she was lucky to be back at all. They will do a long program to “Bridge Over Troubled Waters,” which they say is really their story, coming back from injury. “So it is very emotional for us,” Han said.

“When we chose the long program, everybody loved it, the coach and choreographer [Nicholl] loved it,” Sui said. “The lyrics describe our experiences after the operation. It was such a hard time. My life was very painful and I was crying every day.

“My partner helped me a lot and encouraged me. He said things will get better and you’ll be back soon.

“When I came back to the ice rink, he was afraid that I was in pain, but I said: ‘That’s okay.’ It’s just like the lyrics said: we help each other and we work together.”

Sui and Han finished first in the short program, but their training mates, Xiaoyu Yu and Hao Zhang were second, 5.55 points behind. (Duhamel and Radford are 6.44 points behind the leaders). Yu and Zhang, the May-December partnership (she is 21, and he is at least 32 and probably 34 or 35), didn’t put a foot wrong, although they had only the fourth highest components (Duhamel and Radford were second highest). Their huge triple twist is their big money maker and their throw triple loop helped out, too.

“We felt some pressure, but we were able to overcome it,” said the elegant Yu.

“We skated better than I thought I would, because there were some mistakes in practice,” she said. The solo jump had not been going well and she said her “condition” wasn’t so good, either. The atmosphere lifted them to this performance.

The Chinese may be the greatest threats to the Canadian world champions (as well as Germans Aliona Savchenko and Bruno Massot) and a third Chinese team – Cheng Peng and Yang Jin, who in their first year together had finished second at both Cup of China and NHK Trophy – dropped to seventh after Peng fell on a camel spin, and just could not get back into the following sit spin, either. They received no marks at all for that element.

Still, Duhamel and Radford always have a plan, and know what they need to do. Radford said their performance was a step up from the Canadian championships. “It’s unfortunate about the Lutz,” he said. “But it can’t be perfect all the time. They’ve been really, really good for me for the last month.”

Radford says he thinks his focus was a bit in the wrong spot. “Usually I go in with a specific sort of direction, internal direction,” he said. “I was just trying to let it happen. But I think I was a little bit too much letting it happen as opposed to making it happen.”

Duhamel acknowledged that it’s always hard to sell a routine with high energy (“Killer” by Seal) but felt they had done a good job of this. “It’s been years since Eric fell in the short,” she said. “He doesn’t normally. It actually took me, I was surprised.

“The whole program, I was thinking: ‘What could have happened? That’s so strange. It’s so uncharacteristic.’ But it happens. It’s sport. “

It was disappointing, because they had worked hard to get a level four twist (worth a base point of 6.60), but they got only a level three on it in the short program (worth 6.20 points, and with GOE, they got 7.60 for it.) The two top Chinese teams did get level four for it. Sui and Han received a total of 8.20 points while Yu and Zhang got 8.40 for their twist which flew into the heavens. These two Chinese teams were the only ones that achieved a level four on the triple twist.

“Our coaches said we were a bit slow today on it,” Duhamel said. “”Something we’ll try to achieve in the long is the level four twist.”

Canadian pair teams finished third, fourth and fifth, with the other two bubbling at their success. Lubov Ilyushechkina and Dylan Moscovitch finally broke through with a fourth place finish and a season’s best score of 73.04 points. In fact, their component score outdid that of the second Chinese team.

“We’re happy with that short,” Moscovitch said. “We did a good job of staying in the moment and staying present throughout the program. Each piece of the choreography and each element had a similar level of effort and focus.”

Best of all, it puts them in the last group for the free skate. “That’s perfect to be there,” Ilyushechkina said. “It’s good to recognize that we are treated as one of the best teams in the world.”

Kirsten Moore-Towers and Michael Marinaro were competing in their first international competition of the season after she suffered a concussion during the summer. And with a score of 70.89, it was their first score better than 70 points since they joined forces as a team two years ago. “So we’re really thrilled,” she said. “”After the injury in the summer, we had to learn how to train a little bit differently but I think because of that, our communication and our connection as a team has grown. It has really proven beneficial for us in our skating.”

“We’re showing that stride forward we’ve made since last year and quite a big jump in our score also,” Marinaro said.

American teams were sixth, eighth and ninth of 15 teams.

Chan’s game plan in the face of all quads

About 3 ½ months ago, at Skate Canada International, Patrick Chan felt the heaviness in his legs during the long program and wondered why.

Yes, he won the gold medal at Skate Canada last fall by almost four points over Yuzuru Hanyu, but it hadn’t gone as well as hoped in the free skate for the three-time world champion from Canada, who is still putting his puzzle together before Pyeongchang.

Hanyu had defeated Chan in the free skate by about seven points, even with a fall on a quad loop and having doubled a quad Salchow. But Chan fell on his new quad Salchow, then doubled some jumps at the end of his long program, as his legs dragged him away from winning that segment. Chan’s components saved him that day. He out-footed Hanyu by about three points for the artistic side. Hanyu defeated him in the free by 10 points.

Chan spoke the next day to Elvis Stojko about the heavy feeling in his legs, and Stojko gave him advice on conserving NO energy while training, so that when stresses of big competitions befell him, he’d have something in reserve.

But Chan also began to consider something else: a sports psychologist. Even though he is 26 years old, has competed at two Olympics and seven world championships and is a nine-time Canadian champion, he’s never had one.

After a practice at Skate Canada, his coach Marina Zoueva asked him if he knew any breathing exercises to combat the tightness he felt in his upper body that seemed to drain the strength from his core. He didn’t. And then he began to think that he should. “It doesn’t hurt to try everything,” he said. “I don’t want to leave any stone unturned.”

Judy Goss, Skate Canada’s go-to sport psychologist, recommended that Chan see Scott Goldman at the University of Michigan, only a 20-minute drive from the rink at which he trains. Goldman is a director of high performance psychology at the university, with a history of athletic enhancement, and confidence building. All good stuff for Chan.

Chan met with Goldman just before the Canadian championships and had great opportunities to try out some tools, especially since he had to deal with long waits to compete: he always skated last. His calm coach Oleg Epstein told Chan he had 40 minutes before he was to skate after he came off the warmup. Chan didn’t hurry to take off his skates. Then he found a table, climbed aboard and began some breathing exercises, accompanied by some visualization. There is no exact science to this, no defined formula to stave off unproductive thoughts.

Mind you, it wasn’t an extremely high pressure situation at the event in Ottawa, because Chan led by 10 points going into the free skate. And he knew there wasn’t a herd of competitors about to unleash a string of quads at him, other than Canada’s Quad King, Kevin Reynolds, who attempted four quads in the free.

But there will be at the upcoming Four Continents championships in Pyeongchang, which serves as a test event for the 2018 Winter Games. Quads will be flying. More than anybody has ever seen.

He’ll have to face his young friend, Nathan Chen, who dazzled a nation (the world too) with his spectacular free skate at the U.S. championships where he landed five deft quads. The sky seems the limit.

And just last week, came word from China that Jin Boyang plans to do five quads, too, in his free skate, up from the four he used to win the world bronze medal last March in Boston. He aims to blitz the rink with a quad Lutz – triple toe loop, a quad Salchow, a quad loop, a quad toe loop and a quad toe loop – double toe loop.

Chen has a slightly different repertoire. He doesn’t do the quad loop, but he does do the quad flip, which is worth more points. (Quad loop is worth a base mark of 12 points, a quad flip a trickle more at 12.3. The quad Lutz? Now there’s a jump. It wasn’t so long ago that Chan didn’t think it possible. It’s worth 13.6 points. And now several skaters are doing it. Junior skaters are training it. Hey, even 12-year-old Stephen Gogolev, Canada’s new junior champion, has tried them.)

Chan has re-entered a crazy world indeed, rotations ablur. Now in his second year of a comeback, he’s had to face a growing list of competitors who do more and more difficult quads. As scintillating as his win was at the Canadian championships (he did land only two quads in the free, and a third turned into a triple toe loop), he seemed to be going in the right direction. And then Chen unleashed his fireworks at the U.S. championships a day later.

It’s a crazy exercise to compare Chan’s marks with Chen’s at two national championships, not judged independently by international judges. But perhaps they tell a story.

Chen’s free skate score was 212.08. Chan wasn’t all that far behind him with 205.36, only about seven points. Chan could have almost closed the gap if he had landed a quad toe loop instead of a triple.And with some bonus points, he could have edged ahead.

Without a doubt, Chen’s element score outpaced that of his northern neighbour, Chan. While Chen earned 121.08, Chan got 106.88. Chan also got as close as he did by maximizing his grade of execution marks. Judges gave him plenty of +2s and +3s as bonus points. Yes, Chen was getting some +3s, too, but many more +1s.

As for the component mark, Chan rules this category and he did that week, too. Canadian judges gave him 98.48 points. Chen got 91.00. While Chen didn’t crack 10, Chan got 22 marks of 10.

Okay, okay, lest there’s an uprising over the idea that Canadian judges may have been heaping rewards on Chan so that he could go off to the international wars with their backing, let’s look at the Grand Prix Final. It’s not so easy to compare different competitions, because Chan didn’t skate his best in Marseille, and Chen won the free skate over more seasoned competitors, including Hanyu and Javier Fernandez, both world champions.

But in Marseille, international judges were a little more reluctant to dish out high GOEs to Chen, almost three points less. And his component marks were 84.42  in Marseille, 6.58 points lower than what he earned at U.S. nationals.  Still, there’s always the argument that he had progressed by the U.S. championships, too.

Chan fell four times at the Grand Prix Final free skate, so obviously he had improved by the Canadian championships.

So perhaps there’s hope for Chan, if he gets his mental hamsters under control. And if he delivers. Still, it’s most important that he delivers a year from now. And it’s important that he has included the quad Salchow this year. He says the next step is to put two quads in the short, which could go a long way to having him reach his goals.

At the beginning of the year, Chan said he saw himself as a skater who could fall into third, fourth or fifth position, not first, or maybe even second.  “And that’s okay,” he said. “It helps me to focus on what I have to do and not think about : ‘Oh I’m head to head with Yuzuru or I’m head to head against Javi and I’ve got to do as many quads as they are.’” Now he has a few more names to add.

Where is it all going to go? What is the limit? “We don’t know,” Chan said. “We’re going to keep pushing the boundary until something has to give. Either you will have skaters that will not last very long due to injury or maybe the presentation side of the sport gets affected. I leave it up to everyone.

“I’ve said it over and over again: the skating is more important. It’s cool to see the other guys pushing the boundaries. It’s amazing to see them rotate these jumps. I’m in awe. I’m going to stick to my plan. I’m not going to change it, according to that. But it’s going to be interesting to sit back and see where it does top out and where the limit is.”

How much does artistry suffer when a program has four or five quads? “I see a lot of two-foot skating, which is not bad,” Chan said. “It means they are centred. They are balanced. Whereas I feel like I ebb and flow from one leg to another. I transfer my weight from one to another.”

It also makes it more difficult to maintain balance. It creates a lot of flow in Chan’s skating, but he sometimes gets off balance and has to set himself up for a jump. There are pros and cons. “It depends on how a judge interprets that,” Chan said.

Chen almost seems to be alone in delivering endless amounts of quads without a lot of falls. Everybody else has been slip-sliding this year at one moment or another. Hanyu has taken lots of falls. Stojko, a two-time Olympic silver medalist, can see how it’s all building to the 2018 Games.

He told Chan, since everyone is now working on quads, that he has one season only to get this right. He must add the quads now. “I told him, you are going to make mistakes, bro,” Stojko said. “You may have to give up competition and wins for it. Hanyu did. The last couple of years, he tried quads and fell. How many performances have you seen him just splat everywhere? And then all of a sudden, last year he does that almost perfect program. He’s starting to do it.

“Nathan Chen, same thing. A young kid coming up, they are going to splat all over. People only see that one performance and say quads shouldn’t be in. But you don’t see the big picture of what they’re doing. They’re trying to learn how to do these things under pressure in competition. You’re going to make mistakes before it becomes perfect.”

Still, don’t expect Chan to add some quad loops or flip or Lutzes into his repertoire in the next year. Epstein thinks he can learn another one. Chan doesn’t think it’s necessary.

Firstly, it’s pointless to set ridiculous goals that only serve to discourage you and then you get mentally stuck and achieve nothing, Chan said. Secondly, Chan wants to remain healthy.

“Nathan and Shoma [Uno] are going to be 26 and 28 at the end of their career and not be able to ever do any other sports. They are going to be so banged up,” Chan said.

Chan values his post-career activities. He wants to be able to go to the back country and ski. He wants to go rock climbing, sky diving too.

The first thing he‘s going to do when he’s finished is buy himself a pair of powder skis and find a mountain to climb. For now, he’s climbing another one.

To do it, he’s reading “The Rise of Superman,” a book that details a rather magical mental state allowing one to accomplish the impossible, or at least the difficult. It’s called flow. Or being in the zone, when time seems to stand still.

The psychologist is “a leap of faith,” Chan said. “I had to find a way to get myself not to focus on what all the other skaters are doing.”

The Four Continents will be an important test along the way.

Is the quad Axel the next frontier?

A story I wrote for Yahoo Canada recently:


Over the past year, male figure skaters have been loading their programs with more and different kinds of quadruple jumps, choosing airborne power over spins and fancy footwork.

But nobody has touched the giant of them all, the quad Axel, a jump that by virtue of it being an Axel, has an extra half rotation to it. Anybody tackling a quad Axel would have to rotate 4 ½ times in the air. And since a typical quad takes about a second to do, is it even possible?

As it is, skaters have dipped their toes cautiously and gradually into the quad realm. But suddenly last year, the quad rush began in earnest. And it came from skating youth. Chinese skater Jin Boyang, now 19, was the first to put that crazy quad Lutz in combination with another jump, a triple toe loop during  the 2015-2016 season. And he was the first to land four quads in a single long program, which helped him win a bronze medal at the world championship last year. At the U.S. championships this year, 17-year-old Nathan Chen landed five quads in his long program to win his title by more than 55 points.





The quad Axel is the final frontier. Some of the sport’s leading minds are pondering the possibility of a skater landing one, especially leading into the 2018 Olympics. It will definitely be a Games in which figure skating becomes a race conducted in the air.

So is it possible?

Mike Slipchuk, winner of the Canadian men’s title 25 years ago, currently high-performance director for Skate Canada:

“To me, it’s just a matter of time before someone does one. I don’t know how soon. Not in the too-distant future. There are some skaters out there who have really good triple Axels that could probably get that other turn if they had to.”

Canadian Kurt Browning was the first man to land a quadruple jump – a toe loop – at the 1988 world championship. But a decade lapsed before Tim Goebel of the United States landed a different one, a quadruple Salchow. Another 13 years passed before Brandon Mroz, an American, got credit in 2011 for landing an extremely difficult quadruple Lutz in competition. But now the quads are coming thick and fast.

Tom Zakrajsek, U.S. coach of Brandon Mroz and former U.S. champion Max Aaron:

“Having worked the past two years with Max Aaron for brief periods of time on the quad Axel and watching 2015 world team member Josh Farris resume performing his beautiful triple Axel which flies effortlessly through the air, I definitely think it’s possible and will surely happen someday.

“Even Chen, when asked by a journalist about a quadruple Axel said: ‘The quad Axel is not impossible. I’ve seen Max Aaron do a quad Axel.’”

Conrad Orzel, 16, new Canadian junior silver medalist who landed a quadruple toe loop in his long program at the Canadian championships this month (January):

“The way skating is, I wouldn’t be surprised. I think the sport has gone up and inspired so much that we now see people in Canada in juniors that do quad Salchow and quad toe loop. So it’s crazy.

“That would be something to think about in the future. I landed a quad Lutz [in training] so I guess the next step would be quad Axel.”

Brian Orser, 1987 world champion and coach of 2014 Olympic champion Yuzuru Hanyu, two-time world champion Javier Fernandez of Spain and 2010 women’s Olympic champion Kim Yu Na, of South Korea, his first student:

“A quad Axel is a tall order, but never say never.”

At 17, Chen is the Western world’s answer to Jin. Chen has landed quadruple toe loop, quadruple Salchow, quadruple flip and quadruple Lutz. The only four-rotation quad left was the loop. And last September in Montreal, Yuzuru Hanyu, the 2014 Olympic champion from Japan, became the first to land that one. Current Japanese champion Shoma Uno (Hanyu was out with the flu) at age 19, was the first to land a quad flip earlier this season.  

But the quadruple Axel is another matter altogether. On the scale of difficulty, it is beyond the pale. The quadruple toe loop is considered the easiest quad (and the most common), while the others range in order of risk: quad Salchow, quad loop, quad flip and quad Lutz. Some skaters  find the triple Axel – a t 3 ½ rotations – sometimes trickier to master than the easiest quad. It is the jump that 1988 Olympic silver medalist Brian Orser ushered into common use in 1980 as a junior.

Why is the triple Axel – or any Axel – so difficult?

Kurt Browning, four-time world champion:

“The Axel is hard. It’s a lot of momentum off an edge going forward, with a swinging foot, not assisted by a toe pick. And it’s not a transfer of weight like other jumps. And with other jumps, we’re used to going backward [into them]. The Axel is the only jump that you enter going forwards. It’s technically half a rotation more.

“The triple Axel is still the king of jumps.”

Brian Orser:

“There are different ways to do an Axel. You have those that go in off an edge. You have those who skid into an Axel. There is no way better than another.  Javi [Fernandez] has a skid. Yuzuru has an edge. Stephen [Gogolev, 12, who has landed a quad Salchow this season] has an edge. I had a skid. Some coaches prefer to teach a skid, some prefer to teach an edge. There’s a lot of torque in the foot with a skid, and it kind of releases your rotation.”

Michael Slipchuk:

“It’s obviously a tougher one for people to do because of the time you need in the air and with the triple Axel being as hard as it is. It’s a thing you will see. There are some skaters out there who have really good triple Axels that could probably get that other turn if they had to.

When you see skaters learning quad toe loop, and quad flip, you can see the triples develop with room for the quad. But I don’t think many people have worked a triple Axel to find that space for an extra turn.”

What is the lure of doing such a formidable jump as the quad Axel? Isn’t the quad Lutz enough?

Kurt Browning:

“There is only one quad left. And it’s kind of interesting because there’s only one left and there’s a little notoriety in who does it.”

Michael Slipchuk:

I think we will start to see a different Axel, where you start to see room [to do an extra rotation.] Everyone always wants to be the first to do something.”

Tom Zakrajsek:

“To put it into perspective, the quad Axel is worth 15 points if landed, roughly one-fifth of the average man’s technical element score for the long program (75 points) and a little less than half of the average man’s [technical] score for the short program (35 points). [With four points off for a fall], the quad Axel is still worth more than a landed quad Salchow or quad toe loop and almost as much as a quad loop or quad flip. Clearly, the International Skating Union has made it worth the risk.”

Kurt Browning:

“I’ve tried it, when I was a kid. I spent three or four days on it. Not a full week. Out of curiosity. It was kind of bragging rights. Can I do it?

“I don’t think I got real close to it. It literally felt like I was in the air forever. And that I must be done by now. And I kept coming out of it early. I wasn’t hitting the ice short [of complete rotation.] I was actually opening up just too darned soon. Had I stayed on, I might have been close, but I would have been short on rotation. I only tried five or six in my life.

“And then it got close to competition and my coach went: ‘What are you doing? You are going to hurt yourself. Stop that.’

“So I stopped. So is it possible? I must have to say yes, because I was trying the darned thing. I wouldn’t have tried it if I thought it was impossible.”

Tom Zakrajsek:

“Videos of quad Axel attempts in the pole harness can be found on the internet by Max Aaron and Australian Brendan Kerry…But probably the best attempt is by Russian Artur Dmitriev Jr. – whose father is two-time Olympic pair champion of the same name – off the pole and clearly with enough rotation all on his own.

“Brandon and I had many conversations about learning them [quads] – even the Axel – especially on days when his triple Axel was feeling easy and floating and the timing was effortless.

“During the last month, I have been helping 16-year-old Vincent Zhou [second at the U.S. championship this January to Chen], with many of his quadruples and there are days when I can see it in his triple Axel.  As soon as he is stronger to achieve a bit more airtime, the timing, technique and super-tight rotation position are already there, as is the desire!”

Kurt Browning:

“So if somebody did it, who would it be? Generally, everyone gravitates to Hanyu. He carries a lot of speed into his triple Axel and he has the ability. His Axel is beautiful. It looks like there might be room for it. I’m not sure his triple Axel is high enough. But I don’t think he’s trying to get it higher. Maybe he could. Maybe it only has to be this much [a couple of inches.]

“How talented is he? So talented that I didn’t fathom that he could be that good. Like when I see his stuff online, the stuff that he does at the end of shows, like a triple Axel – triple Axel [combination.] Just goofy stuff. But it’s the edgework as he goes into these beautiful things. It’s the way he shifts his weight. It’s like watching an animal. It’s like you are staring down into the water. You can see a fish and then it’s gone. And you don’t really how how that fish left. I put Hanyu on a pedestal.”

Brian Orser:

I don’t know how many people you would put into the ability pool. Yuzuru would be at the top of the list. If anybody could do it, it would be him. I think he tried one in the finale of a show [in Japan.] He splatted on it. But it was not a bad attempt. His triple Axel is so good. It climbs. It’s powerful. He’s in charge on that jump.

“All of a sudden now, you see all quads. Mabye one of these young guys will do it. Stephen [Gogolev, Orser’s student] is doing [in training] a quad Lutz and a quad toe loop and a quad Salchow. I think Conrad Orzell is trying a quad Lutz and then there are guys in senior who are doing quad flips and quad Lutzes. It’s exciting.”

Conrad Orzel:

“You have lots of a talent like Stephen [Gogolev] who will probably pull it off.”

Michael Slipchuk:

“Who could do it? Off hand, no one that I could say right now.

And quintuples? You never know. Maybe someone will do that before they do quad Axel. Younger kids are learning quads earlier, trying maybe to be the ones that will do it.”

Tom Zakrajsek:

“Skating fans all over the world will be waiting for the day when the quad Axel is landed in competition and quintuples are added to the ISU scale of values.”




James and Cipres turn a corner

From across the sea, we are told that a set of hair clippers is at the ready to sheer pair coach John Zimmerman into baldness.

Didn’t Zimmerman say – we’re sure he did – that he would shave his head if his new team, Vanessa James and Morgan Cipres of France won a medal at the European championships in Ostrava, Czech Republic?

Well, they did, in dramatic fashion on Thursday. The medal was bronze, but it felt like gold, looked like gold, sounded like gold. The Czech crowd adopted them, screamed for them, cheered for them like they were their own, gave them a standing ovation. The joy of James and Cipres in both the short and long program was infectious. At the end of the free skate, Cipres fell to the ice, his face to the freeze, hands over his head, drinking it in. James was in tears, almost in disbelief.

It had been a long time coming. And with the switch to Zimmerman’s school in Coral Gables, Fla., last June, James and Cipres are finally finding their stride. And they are exciting to watch, to boot. They skated one of those routines that will live in the memory – much like what Zimmerman did himself at the 2002 Olympics in Salt Lake City when he and partner Kyoko Ina skated out of their skins, one of the performances of the night, unheralded unfortunately, as they finished fourth, just off the podium.

So Zimmerman knows how to do it, to face the pressure head on, to insinuate all sorts of cool, difficult tricks into the equation. Last summer, James and Cipres picked Zimmerman to lead them out of the wilderness they had been in for five years, showing hints of athletic prowess, never quite getting it.

“We picked him because when John skated with Kyoko, they were the classic Russian team, classic and pretty,” James said. “They were athletic and did crazy lifts and crazy elements. I felt like we look like them and we just needed a little bit more help to bring it out. It’s working really well.”

They had spent only three months with Zimmerman before they went to the Autumn Classic in Montreal last October. Zimmerman said he didn’t want to change too much – what time did he have? – but just take what they had and heap layers of good things on it all.

In Florida, James and Cipres work with Zimmerman’s entire team, which includes his wife Silvia Fontana, Jeremy Barrett (who won the U.S. championship title in 2010 with Caydee Denney), and former British ice dancer John Kerr. “We are happy to come to the rink,” Cipres said. “We find it good because our team is like a family. It’s a big team and we are together. That’s what made it for me. I want to find this before, but it’s life.”

Zimmerman and friends knew little about James and Cipres, other than they had seen this French team skate. Still, they presented them with music that was new for them and that they thought would just do the trick: “Earned It” by The Weeknd for the short program and “The Sound of Silence,” performed by noise-blasting band Disturbed for the long.

“They said we think this will work for you guys,” James said, speaking of Disturbed’s intense but uncharacteristically quiet music. “And we’re like: ‘Ummmmm, we’ll see.’

“And then I started liking it. And then Morgan didn’t know because we’re so used to skating to slow, strong music like “The Temptation of Christ.” That’s what we wanted to skate to. And this was completely different. It was a whole song.

“So finally, okay, the more they did the choreography and all the in-between elements and transitions, we started to just blend with the music. And when we skate like that, it just brings everything out in us.”

Zimmerman and his team also choreographed steps into their triple twist and added choreography after it, too. No longer did the choreography stop while they executed a difficult element. During Autumn Classic, they had been training a crazy throw triple flip that James did with her arms raised in the air. It didn’t prove consistent, so they dropped it later.

Also the throw quad Salchow became an element they tried in the free skate at every event this year, without being quite able to land it cleanly, also drawing negative GOE on it. But it’s a process. It’s becoming more and more consistent as they train it. They landed it on two feet in Ostrava. Judges deemed it rotated.

“We didn’t want to change too much our technique,” James said. “We wanted to make what we already had better: which was skating skills and transitions. We can see a complete difference since the beginning of the season. Our components are much higher than last season.”

For eons, James and Cipres fired off impressive elements – or tried to – all the time looking like two single skaters performing the same program. In Zimmerman’s hands, the relationship between them improved and magically so did their elements. By Autumn Classic, they were an exciting team, together, an emotional unit. The look was magic. When they do it, the crowds feel it.

At Autumn Classic they finished to a standing ovation. “That was amazing,” James said. “It wasn’t the cleanest program, but we got that standing ovation. It means a lot.”

Still, they did not qualify for the Grand Prix Final after finishing fourth at Skate America (short program was infected by a loss of levels, in the long they fell three times to finish seventh); and third at Trophee de France, although they did finish second to Aliona Savchenko and Bruno Massot in the free skate, while defeating Evgenia Tarasova and Vladimir Morozov.

Cipres has always skated for France, but as a junior singles skater before he was matched up with James in September of 2010. They didn’t skate the first year because Cipres had to learn pair elements. And because they started late, too.

James had already skated pairs with Yannick Bonheur for two seasons and before that, she had been a singles skater for Britain, winning the 2006 British championships and silver in 2007. Her last event as a singles skater was at the 2007 Coupe de Nice, when she won a bronze medal.

Yes, James is a woman of the world. She was born in Canada, in a borough of Toronto called Scarborough. James began skating in Virginia, admiring Michelle Kwan, held a permanent resident card in the United States, but also held a British passport by virtue of her father being from Bermuda. Now she holds French citizenship.

She found her first partner on a pair search website. “We were either going to skate for Canada, U.S., or England because my parents came from all of them,” she said. “I’m a French girl now.”

In Ostrava, James and Cipres blasted their previous best free skate score by about 12 points to 145.85 for a final score of 220.02, the eighth highest score ever. The bronze medal was their first at a European championship and the first by a French pair skater in 14 years.

“We were never as happy as we are today,” James said. “Of course, we were also happy yesterday, but we needed to stay concentrated for today and we are so proud of us now. It’s just fantastic. We have worked and sacrificed so much over the last years. This third place finish is for sure another step in the right direction.”

Their excitement and joy is contagious at the reach they have finally made into medal territory. “It’s good timing,” James said. “A year before the Olympics.”

As for Zimmerman, the loss of his locks will be a shock. He has worked as a model in the past.